GSF Programme in Malawi

With support from the Global Sanitation Fund, through the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), the Government of Malawi is implementing a five-year (2010-2015) Accelerated Sanitation and Hygiene Practices Programme (ASHPP) aimed at improving sanitation in six districts in the country, namely: Rumphi (in the north), Ntchisi and Nkhotakota (in the centre), and Balaka, Phalombe and Chikwawa (in the south). The six districts were selected for their high levels of open defecation, low access to improved sanitation and low investment in sanitation and hygiene.

The GSF programme in Malawi is aimed at implementing sanitation and hygiene initiatives that will help the Government of Malawi to attain its vision of achieving Sanitation for All in the country and ensuring that all Malawians access improved sanitation facilities, practice safe hygiene and re-use or recycle waste for sustainable management of the environment and socio-economic development.

The programme will help to reduce open defecation in Malawi which stands at 7% in 2011, according to the JMP 2013 Update (World Health Organisation and UNICEF). This will be achieved through:

  • Triggering 3,600 villages and 274 schools in the six districts using Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and School-Led Total Sanitation (SLTS) approaches, respectively, and promoting the adoption of improved sanitation and hygiene practices;
  • Conducting sanitation marketing in support of triggering;
  • Developing the capacity of government, civil society organisations and private sector actors in hygiene and sanitation promotion;
  • Supporting the planning and implementation of sanitation and hygiene activities at district level;
  • Documenting lessons learnt to help improve programming in sanitation and hygiene.

The USD 6.2 million GSF Programme is managed by Plan International Malawi who through a competitive process was appointed an Executing Agency (EA). As an Executing Agency, Plan Malawi receives and manages programme funds from WSSCC. The funds are disbursed to the sub-grantees who implement the planned activities on the ground.

Project extension beyond 2015
In April 2015, the Government in collaboration with Plan International Malawi, submitted a proposal to extend the programme by 18 months to end in June 2017. Basically, the extension aims at scaling up the project and ensure sustainability of the results already achieved.

The extension proposes a Three-Pillar Model approach that combines several sanitation techniques to help more rural communities become open defecation free and enable them to access improved sanitation, while strengthening local government structures to effectively support sustainable sanitation delivery.

The Three-Pillar Model is founded on the principles of Thinking at scale, Innovation, Flexibility and Institutional Capacity Building for Sustainability. It includes the following pillars:

  1. Planning and executing at scale
  2. Innovative and flexible approach to climbing the sanitation ladder
  3. Institutional sustainability and Learning and Knowledge management at scale